T he demonstrations and protests around the Arab world that began in late 2010 have come to be known as the Arab Spring. The protests ousted rulers in countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen.
The protesters used techniques such as civil resistance as well as the use of social media to organize, while state governments tried to suppress and censor organizing via the Internet.
The demonstrations were often met with violence from authorities.
The role of technology has played a unique role in the Arab Spring. Some have argued that social media help to spur the revolutions, while other have argued that social media was simply a tool used by protestors.
In 2011, the Dubai School of Government issued a report that social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter played a key role in the Arab Spring uprisings.
During the protests in Egypt and Tunisia, the majority of those polled as part of a survey the researchers conducted said that they were getting news and information from social media sites. As sites were blocked by state governments, protesters had to find more active and creative ways to organize, the report said.